endoplasmic reticulum definition

n. A membrane network within the cytoplasm of cells involved in the synthesis, modification, and transport of cellular materials. What made you want to look up endoplasmic reticulum? Learn about the different cell organelles, including the mitochondrion, the nucleus, the ribosome, and others. },{ What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }},

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{ bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'endoplasmic reticulum.' Endoplasmic reticulum definition is - a system of interconnected vesicular and lamellar cytoplasmic membranes that functions especially in the transport of materials within the cell and that is studded with ribosomes in some places. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, Learn more.

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Smooth ER, by contrast, is not associated with ribosomes, and its functions differ. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Smooth ER transports the products of the rough ER to other cellular organelles, especially the Golgi apparatus.

{ bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Endoplasmic reticulum, continuous membrane system that forms a series of flattened sacs within the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells and serves multiple functions, being important particularly in the synthesis, folding, modification, and transport of proteins. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. In fact, the membranes that make up the endoplasmic reticulum can account for half of a cell’s total membrane structure in animal cells! { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, It is also responsible for the synthesis of essential lipids such as phospholipids and cholesterol. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, 'max': 30, Your email address will not be published. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary }); The entire structure can account for a large proportion of the endomembrane system of the cell. Endoplasmic Reticulum Definition “Endoplasmic Reticulum is a complex network of tubular membranes exclusively present in the cytoplasm of the eukaryotic cell.” What is Endoplasmic Reticulum? { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); The RER is generally a series of connected flattened sacs.

bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, Endoplasmic reticulum transpires in two forms: a type with ribosome-studded surface and another with a … name: "idl_env", type: "cookie", "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, The electron microscope made possible the study of the morphology of the ER in the 1940s, when it was given its present name. 'max': 3, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, Often it constitutes more than half of the total membrane in the cell. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, The many secretory cells in the human body include liver cells secreting serum proteins (e.g., albumin), endocrine cells secreting peptide hormones (e.g., insulin), pancreatic acinar cells secreting digestive enzymes, and cartilage cells secreting collagen. Omissions? { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }},

},{ The response is adaptive, such that UPR activation triggers reductions in protein synthesis and enhancements in ER protein-folding capacity and ER-associated protein degradation. Smooth ER is responsible for the synthesis of essential lipids such as phospholipids and cholesterol. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins

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